Francis Newton Souza was born in Portuguese Goa in 1924. He attended the J.J School of Art in Bombay but was expelled for participating in the Quit India Movement and in many ways he remained the enfant terrible of the Indian Art scene for the rest of his life.
In 1947 he was the founder of the Progressive Artist's Group but he left India in 1949 to work in London. He exhibited widely throughout his career and must be considered one of the most uniquely gifted artists of his generation. Besides being an artist he was also a highly talented and witty writer. Souza's works have been exhibited worldwide and he remains the only Indian artist to be in the permanent display at the Tate Modern, London.